Here's this week's collection. Answers & extensions tomorrow. Why not discuss the problems on Twitter using #SundayAfternoonMaths or on Reddit.

#### 2009

2009 unit cubes are glued together to form a cuboid. A pack, containing 2009 stickers, is opened, and there are enough stickers to place 1 sticker on each exposed face of each unit cube.

How many stickers from the pack are left?

#### 3\(n\)+1

Let \(S=\{3n+1:n\in\mathbb{N}\}\) be the set of numbers one more than a multiple of three.

**(i)**Show that \(S\) is closed under multiplication.

ie. Show that if \(a,b\in S\) then \(a\times b\in S\).

Let \(p\in S\) be irreducible if \(p\not=1\) and the only factors of \(p\) in \(S\) are \(1\) and \(p\). (This is equivalent to the most commonly given definition of prime.)

**(ii)**Can each number in \(S\) be uniquely factorised into irreducibles?

#### The Ace of Spades

I have three packs of playing cards with identical backs. Call the packs A, B and C.

I draw a random card from pack A and shuffle it into pack B.

I now turn up the top card of pack A, revealing the Queen of Hearts.

Next, I draw a card at random from pack B and shuffle it into pack C. Then, I turn up the top card of pack B, revealing another Queen of Hearts.

I now draw a random card from pack C and place it at the bottom of pack A.

What is the probability that the card at the top of pack C is the Ace of Spades?

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